Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: Changing the game in Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC)

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates, used research to generate demand for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in Zambia and Zimbabwe, to help tackle their HIV epidemic.

Introduction

Clinical trials have demonstrated an approximate 60% reduced chance of a circumcised male contracting HIV (sexually) from an infected female. Since 2007, the WHO have recommended that countries with high HIV prevalence and low rates of male circumcis